"The exquisite corpse will drink the new wine" - an early result of the exquisite corpse game from which the name derived
On the bridge the dew with the head of a tabby cat lulls itself to sleep. - ANDRÉ BRETON (he wrote the Surrealist Manifestos)
Among Surrealist techniques exploiting the mystique of accident was a kind of collective collage of words or images called the cadavre exquis (exquisite corpse). Based on an old parlor game, it was played by several people, each of whom would write a phrase on a sheet of paper, fold the paper to conceal part of it, and pass it on to the next player for his contribution.
The technique got its name from results obtained in initial playing, "Le cadavre / exquis / boira / le vin / nouveau" (The exquisite corpse will drink the young wine). Other examples are: "The dormitory of friable little girls puts the odious box right" and "The Senegal oyster will eat the tricolor bread." These poetic fragments were felt to reveal what Nicolas Calas characterized as the "unconscious reality in the personality of the group" resulting from a process of what Ernst called "mental contagion."
At the same time, they represented the transposition of Lautréamont's classic verbal collage to a collective level, in effect fulfilling his injunction-- frequently cited in Surrealist texts--that "poetry must be made by all and not by one." It was natural that such oracular truths should be similarly sought through images, and the game was immediately adapted to drawing, producing a series of hybrids the first reproductions of which are to be found in No. 9-10 of La Révolution surrealiste (October, 1927) without identification of their creators. The game was adapted to the possibilities of drawing, and even collage, by assigning a section of a body to each player, though the Surrealist principle of metaphoric displacement led to images that only vaguely resembled the human form.
Source: "Dada & Surrealist Art," by William S. RubinThis assignment is inspired by the Surrealist artistic practice/game of the Exquisite Corpse. Originally a written word game in which a sentence would be completed by multiple people, each unaware of what the earlier author wrote, the practice was quickly adopted to the visual arts. The common practice is to fold a piece of paper up and ask each person to draw onto one folded side. Some allow a small edge to remain visible when folded to facilitate the continuation of the previous artist's line. A more rigid interpretation of the Exquisite Corpse calls for one artist to draw a head, another to draw a torso, and lastly one to draw the lower body (or similar).
Choreographic Color blog.
Here is an excellent gallery of Exquisite Corpse drawings.
After looking at a number of Exquisite Corpse images, it would seem clear that Dali was inspired by the results of the process. Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War) 1936
Contemporary Exquisite Corpse by Jake Chapman & Dinos Chapman, 2000
Andre Breton's phrase 'pure psychic automatism' was intended to apply to the process of writing and Breton even gave practical hints on how to do it. In 1930 he published his second Manifeste du surréalisme in which he defined 'surreality' as the reconciliation of the reality of dreams with the reality of everyday life into a higher synthesis.
Underlying the interest in automatism and dream lay the Surrealist notion of what was called 'objective chance'. They believed that the existence of coincidences (events for which there were no rational explanations) was evidence and that true reality was not ordered or logical. Access to reality could only be gained through the unconscious mind.
In the article Surrealism, Freud and Trotsky 'objective chance' is well described as "serendipitous and unpredictable moments when incongruous elements encountered in everyday life combine together to produce a kind of mystical insight, like in a waking dream."
This assignment, The Exquisite Film, is an exercise in objective chance.
To evoke that objective chance, you will shoot a roll of film that a classmate has already taken photos on. We will begin by anonymously exchanging a list of three words with a classmate. They can be any words that you want. Possibly emotions, subjects, events, scales, colors, shapes, etc. Once you have your word list, you are to go about shooting your roll of film. You should shoot approximately half your roll of film with some nod to the words as you choose to interpret them. The other roll of film is to be shot as you see fit. The only thing I ask is that there is some variety on the roll - please don't take a whole roll of film of your dog ;-)
You can use any camera that you want. It does have to be 35mm black and white film though. For example, if you have a toy camera such as a Fakenflex, you could use that, or you could shim it into a Holga and use that.
On Monday October 7th, you need to bring in your exposed roll of film. Do not write or mark on the canister in anyway. If you can safely rewind the film without rewinding the film lead back into the canister, then please do so as it will save me time from having to retrieve it using a special tool.
All the identical film will be placed into a box, shaken up, and then everyone will pull out a roll of film. That becomes your roll now. The person who originally shot the film loses all rights to it. The image become yours. Then go out and shoot over it. I encourage you to have a variety of images. Again, use whatever camera you want to. Whatever techniques you want to use.
Develop the film. It is likely that the frames don't overlap 'accurately'. Chose whatever length of film that you want to print. Make prints from the best three images. You will very likely have to do some crafty dodging and burning to make the image look its best.
2/12 Exchange word lists
2/19 Bring in exposed roll of film
2/26 Process the film (the sooner the better)
3/10 Second round if necessary/desired
3/19 Critique. Turn in the two prints and contact sheet.
Image by Jessica Ostrander
Image by Jessica Ostrander
Image by Jessica Ostrander
Image by Amy Utley